The Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Ovarian Cysts

The first step to correctly diagnosing and treating ovarian cysts is to locate the cause of the cysts. Ovarian cyst can be triggered by a variety of factors. It’s important to understand these different factors in order to seek appropriate treatment. Primary factors that cause ovarian cysts There are many factors, which can lead to … Continue reading “The Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Ovarian Cysts”

The first step to correctly diagnosing and treating ovarian cysts is to locate the cause of the cysts. Ovarian cyst can be triggered by a variety of factors. It’s important to understand these different factors in order to seek appropriate treatment.

Primary factors that cause ovarian cysts

There are many factors, which can lead to ovarian cysts. These factors should not be isolated however, as sometimes the combination of these factors can together lead to the causes of ovarian cysts.

    1) Genetic predisposition: Genetic predisposition is often considered the leading cause of ovarian cysts. Research has shown that the genetic pattern of women who suffer from this chronic condition is different as compared to women who never get ovarian cysts or PCOS. However, this shouldn’t be a death warrant as many times the genetic characteristics can be modified with the help of environmental factors and proper lifestyle related changes.
    2) Poor dietary choices: Eating poorly can cause hormonal imbalance that can weaken your immune system making you more vulnerable to ovarian cysts. Avoiding foods that are rich in carbohydrates and sugar are important to fighting ovarian cysts. Making sure you’re getting enough fresh fruits, vetegtables and essential nutrients each and everyday to help your body flush out toxins that can aggravate ovarian cysts problem.
    3) Weak immune system: Like I just mentioned a weak immune system can be trouble, as it’s not able to put up a natural fight against ovarian cyst triggers. Many factors including dietary factors and sleep deprivation can lead to weakened immune system.
    4) Insulin resistance: High level of insulin can stimulate ovarian androgen production, which leads to the production of male hormones. This reduces the serum sex-hormone binding globulin or SHGB. The SHBG can in turn aggravate the ovarian cyst condition to quite an extent.
    5) Failed ovulation process: Sometimes, the ovaries fail to release egg on a monthly basis. This fails to produce progesterone and brings about hormonal imbalance. This can then lead to the formation of ovarian cysts.

Besides the above primary factors, toxins in liver and even environmental toxins can aggravate and cause ovarian cysts. Hence, ovarian cyst condition is not a simple to understand or treat.

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts

Once you recognize the symptoms and causes of ovarian cysts it’s important to get a professional medical diagnosis to determine the seriousness of your ovarian cysts.

Diagnosis Tests

A healthcare provider may perform the following tests to determine if a woman has an ovarian cyst or to help characterize the type of cyst that is present:

    1) Endovaginal ultrasound: This is a special imaging test developed to examine the pelvic organs and is the best test for diagnosing an ovarian cyst. An endovaginal ultrasound is a painless procedure that resembles a pelvic exam. This type of ultrasound produces the best image because rather than a scan through the abdominal wall a small probe is inserted in the vigina and can be positioned closer to the ovaries.    
     
    – Other imaging:
    CT scanning aids in assessing the extent of the condition. MRI scanning may also be used to clarify results of an ultrasound.
    2) Laparoscopic surgery: A procedure when a surgeon fills a woman’s abdomen with a gas and makes small incisions through which a thin scope (laparoscope) can pass into the abdomen. The surgeon identifies the cyst through the scope and may remove the cyst.
    3) Serum CA-125 assay: This is a blood test that checks for a substance called CA-125, which is associated with ovarian cancer (the CA stands for cancer antigen). This test is used in the assessment of epithelial ovarian cancer and may help determine if an ovarian mass is harmless or cancerous. However, sometimes non-harmful conditions may result in the elevated levels of CA-125 in the blood, so the test does not positively establish the diagnosis of ovarian cancer.

    4) Hormone levels: A blood test to check LH, FSH, estradiol, and testosterone levels. Checking these levels are used to indicate potential problems concerning those hormone levels.

    5) Pregnancy testing: The treatment of ovarian cysts is different for a pregnant woman than it’s for a non-pregnant woman. An ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus) must be ruled out because some of the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy may be similar to those of ovarian cysts.

    6) Culdocentesis: This test involves taking a fluid sample from the pelvis with a needle inserted through the vaginal wall behind the uterine cervix.

 Once you received a medical diagnosis you can properly treat your ovarian cysts. Conventional ovarian cysts treatments are the most commonly used treatment but this strategy has been proven over and over again to only mask symptoms and in some cases make the condition worse. Conventional wisdom blinded by out-of-date forms of treatment cannot treat and cure ovarian cysts. To treat ovarian cysts, a multidimensional holistic approach is needed.

 Natural Holistic Treatment Vs Conventional Treatment

Ovarian cyst disease is a chronic condition that can really take a toll on the physical, mental and emotional well being of a woman. Conventional ovarian cysts methods don’t take this into account and don’t help prevent this emotional stress but in some cases make it worse. Conventional treatments only use two methods to treat ovarian cysts. These two methods are birth control pills and surgery.

    – Birth control pills have shown to only mask the symptoms by helping to reduce the size of the cysts but not fully curing the condition. Birth control pills can also cause harm to a womens reproductive organs and can cause her to become infertile even after treatment is over.
    Surgery has it’s own health risk too. Although, surgery is necessary in extreme cases it can cause the most harm. It has been proven that even after surgery women are still likely to get ovarian cysts and sometimes make conditions worse.

Holistic approach is a multidimensional approach to treatment. When using holistic as a treatment you work to find the root causes of ovarian cysts. You’re not just focusing on a stereotypical symptom and using the same treatment in every individual case. The holistic approach is used to investigate the proper method to treat this condition and recognizes the body as a unified whole. The holistic approach adjusts to the individual differences in people and never sets standard rules for treatment. Therefore, a woman can get the best form of treatment for her individual self that can promote healing at physical, mental and emotional levels.

More Reason To Why Holistic Treatment Is Better Than Conventional Treatment

1) Side effects of conventional medication:

    Conventional medical treatment can cause many side effects. Women who have to have surgery and lose their ovaries often experience change in their personality due to hormonal imbalance. Also, oral contraceptives, which are used prominently to treat ovarian cysts, can affect fertility of a woman. Pregnant women cannot use conventional medication, without having to endure significant risks of miscarriage and premature delivery.
    – Natural remedies have no side effects. Some forms of natural treatment also put emphasis on strengthening the mental and emotional state.

2) Inefficiency of conventional medication:

    Conventional medicine only provides temporary relief from the symptoms of ovarian cysts. The ovarian cysts often reoccur after the treatment is discarded. Even after surgery, the patient is not immune to ovarian cysts. In fact research has shown that the growth of ovarian cysts after surgery is a side effect of this harsh treatment option.
    – Natural treatment provides long-term relief from the condition since it tackles the root cause of ovarian cysts and is therefore more effective.

3) Impersonal approach:

    – Conventional medication works according to rule of thumb without paying attention to individual differences. Hence, conventional treatment of ovarian cysts fails to treat certain conditions, as it lays emphasis on the disease and not the patient.
    – Natural treatment is a personalized treatment approach. Each and every course of treatment varies from one person to another. This is the reason why it has such an astounding success rate.

4) Expensive conventional treatment:

    Conventional treatment for ovarian cysts is very expensive. Besides expensive surgery, you will have to pay for hospitalization, tests, prescription drugs and more.
    – Natural remedies are comparatively cost effective and therefore women on a shoestring budget can also take advantage of them.

Spleen Disorders – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Spleen is a vital organ found in the left upper quadrant of the human body which plays a central role in the immune system. Not only is it a reservoir of blood reserve, which the body keeps in case of an emergency such as bleeding or hemorrhage. It performs the vital function of removing old red blood cells, but it also works like a factory for antibodies which can help maintain the defense mechanism of the body against various health threats.

There are two major spleen disorders:

· Splenomegaly

· Asplenia

Splenomegaly

This is a disorder in which the spleen is enlarged. The normal spleen size is up to 12 cm, and anything larger than that is classified as Splenomegaly. Splenomegaly could be moderate, within a range of 11 to 20 cm, or severe, more than 20 cm. The condition should not be confused with Hypersplenism, which is the over-activity of the spleen.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Splenomegaly include chest pain, back pain and abdominal pain. When the spleen grows considerably in size, an apparent mass in the upper left quadrant of the back can be felt on physical examination. The symptoms of anemia could be observed if the condition also accompanies cytopenia.

Causes

A number of conditions can cause that pathology. Mostly, this condition is caused by a number of other underlying diseases. The diseases that could possibly cause Splenomegaly include removal of defective RBC, various types of anemia, immune hyperplasia, bacterial or fungal infections, organ failure and metabolic disease are among other such factors.

Treatment

In many cases, Splenomegaly is accompanied with other diseases, so the treatment is administered in relation to that. However, as the condition involves a great risk of bacterial infections, antibiotics are administered except in the case of the formation of an abscess in the spleen. Chemotherapy is a preferable treatment, but surgery could be required for its treatment as well. Medicines administered in this condition help avoid deaths and complications.

Asplenia

Asplenia, meaning “absence of spleen”, is a serious spleen disorder, in which either the organ is absent or fails to perform its vital functions. This leads to reduced immunity and increased risk of infection. It should not be confused with another condition Hyposplenia, which is the reduced function of the spleen.

Symptoms

Digestive tract disorders like malrotation of intestines. Complications in the shape and location of the heart, the occurrence of three lobes in the liver instead of two could also be among the symptoms.

Causes

The causes of Asplenia could either be genetic or acquired. However, the cases of its occurrence due to genetic reasons are very rare. Trauma causing damage to the spleen can cause this condition. Furthermore, sometimes a preexisting condition causes the spleen to lose its functionality. Diseases like sickle cell anemia can lead to Asplenia, for example. Sometimes, the spleen loses its functionality despite of its apparently healthy presence in the body as well, a condition known as Functional Asplenia. Furthermore, the condition obviously occurs in the case of splenectomy, which is the partial or complete surgical removal of the spleen. This surgical procedure is sometimes performed when the presence of a spleen is actually making a particular medical condition worse and when physicians are left with little choice but to go for its removal.

Treatment

One of the treatment methods that are prescribed instantly on diagnosis for Asplenia is Antibiotic Prophylaxis. Antibiotics such as penicillin and erythromycin are used to prevent infections. The prolonged intake of antibiotics is particularly recommended in case of children undergoing splenectomy, for at least a year, with some physicians recommending it up to all the way into adulthood in the most complicated cases.

Asplenia is a major risk factor of splenectomy, so physicians keep in mind all the precautions to minimize the dangers. But first of all, surgeons try to ensure partial splenectomy as much as possible depending on the case and try to preserve its function. They administer preoperative vaccination to help restoring the function of the spleen as well.

The patients with symptoms of Asplenia should be checked for bacterial infections and measures are taken to immunize the patient through vaccines. Bacterial infection is a major complication risk for Asplenia victims.

Knee Pain – Causes – Symptoms – Diagnosis – Treatment – Pain Relief

Information on knee pain, arthritis, conditions, causes, diagnosis, symptoms, pain relief, prevention, surgery and other treatment options. The knee, a hinge joint, has one of the widest ranges of motion of any joint. A knee damaged by arthritis may be a candidate for joint replacement.

Knee Arthritis – What Is Arthritis In the Knee?

Arthritis in the knee most often refers to osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis in the knee, results from wear and tear on its parts. However, inflammation that occurs in certain rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can also damage the knee. What is “arthritis in the knee”?

Risk Factors

The complex anatomy of the knee joint that allows it to bend while supporting heavy loads is extremely sensitive to small problems in alignment, training, and overuse. Pressure may pull the kneecap sideways out of its groove, causing pain behind the kneecap. In teenagers, a number of factors may be involved.
·    Imbalance of thigh muscles that support the knee joint
·    Poor flexibility
·    Problems with alignment
·    Using improper sports training techniques or equipment
·    Overdoing sports activities
Common Causes:
Knee pain usually results from overuse, poor form during physical activity, not warming up or cooling down, or inadequate stretching. Simple causes of knee pain often clear up on their own with self care. Being overweight can put you at greater risk for knee problems.

The most common cause of runner’s knee is pronation and lateral (away from the middle) pulling of the patella. This causes misalignment with the connective tissues and muscles involved with knee movement.

Anterior knee pain may also be caused by softening of the cartilage beneath the kneecap (chondromalacia patellae), arthritis or by pinching of the inner lining of the knee with knee motion (synovial impingement).

Symptoms    Return to top
Symptoms include knee pain below the kneecap and on the sides of the kneecap, particularly with deep knee bends or prolonged sitting.
In cases of runner’s knee, pain occurs first when running downhill then gets worse and occurs with all running. Finally, pain is present even when you do not run.

What is Patellofemoral Syndrome?
Patellofemoral syndrome is the term used to describe pain on and around the patella or kneecap. A common cause is damage to the surface underneath the kneecap. It can be started by an impact or it gradually comes on from rubbing on the bone underneath. The injury is often referred to as chondramalacia patellae, patella pain syndrome or runner’s knee.

Knee Pain Overview Treatment

Self-Care at Home
In treating many types of knee pain, a common goal is to break the inflammatory cycle. The inflammatory cycle starts with an injury. After an injury, substances that cause inflammation invade the knee, which causes further injury, which leads to further inflammation, and so on. This cycle of inflammation leads to continued or progressive knee pain. The cycle can be broken by controlling the substances that cause inflammation, and by limiting further injury to tissue.
Some common home care techniques that control inflammation and help to break the inflammatory cycle are protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation. This regimen is summarized by the memory device PRICE.

Urethral Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Urethral Cancer is a painful and potentially lethal condition in which a cancer originates from the urethra, which is the tubular part of the excretory system of the human body which connects to the urinary bladder and discharges the urine from the body.

Causes

The occurrence of cancer in any part of the body is not explained. Most probably the development of cancer is associated with a chromosome problem that causes the appearance and growth of malignant cells. This could be caused as a result from exposure to certain carcinogenic agents, stimuli or substances which could cause of cancer.

However, while discussing the causes of Urethral Cancer, it is important to know who are at risk of this disease and in what conditions. People who have been suffering from bladder cancer are more likely to develop Urethral Cancer than any other people. People who develop frequent inflammations of the urethra, those above the age of 60, especially white females, have a tendency to develop Urethral Cancer than most other people.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Urethral Cancer include the following.

· Frequent urination

· Blood in urine

· Bleeding in the urethra

· Discharge from urethra

· Lump in the perineum

· Weak flow of urine

· Interrupted flow of urine

Diagnosis

There are several tests that could be carried out for determining that a person is suffering from Urethral Cancer. First of all, the patient will be examined physically by the physician in which he or she will be examined for the apparent signs and symptoms such as lumps or enlarged lymph nodes. Then, further tests and screenings will be prescribed to determine the presence of cancerous cells. These tests include laboratory tests and examinations such as rectal and pelvic exams which are carried out for the signs of the disease.

Laboratory tests for the diagnosis of Urethral Cancer include Urinalysis and Urine Cytology, which respectively check for the nature of problem through the analysis of the properties and composition of urine and the presence of malicious cells respectively. Complete Blood Count test is also recommended. Cystoscopy could be carried out which involves inserting a thin tube into the urethra and the urinary bladder to check for the presence of cancerous cells. In most cases, a biopsy of the tissues will be taken for examination to confirm the presence of cancer.

Scans such as X-rays, MRI and CT scans are used to determine the size and staging of the cancer to prescribe proper treatment. The staging is determined according to the part of urethra that is affected. Anterior Urethral Cancer is not too advanced or deep, while the Posterior Urethral Cancer is deep rooted and in advanced stage. Anterior parts are closer to the body opening, while the posterior part of the urethra is next to the urinary bladder and in males, the prostate gland.

Treatment

Once the presence of Urethral Cancer is determined, the appropriate treatment for the particular stage of the cancer is prescribed. There are various treatment options available for Urethral Cancer. The type of treatment depends on the stage of the cancer and the damage done to the tissues around the urethra, especially when the cancer has reached other organs like the urinary bladder.

Surgery is one of the most widely practiced treatments for Urethral Cancer. There are quite a few surgery types used in this regard.

-Open Excision: Surgical removal of the urethra.

-Laser Surgery: Using laser beams for surgery and removing cancerous cells.

-Lymph Node Dissection: Removal of the lymph nodes in the groin area affected from the cancer.

-Electro-resection: Using electric current for the removal or destruction of the cancer cells.

-Cystourethectomy: Surgical removal of the urethra and urinary bladder affected by the cancer.

-Radical penectomy: Surgical removal of the perineum affected by the cancer.

Cystoprostatectomy: Surgical removal of the prostate and bladder affected by the cancer in males.

Radiation therapy is another method of treatment in which X-rays of very high energy are used to destroy the cancerous cells. Alternatively, or combined with surgery, chemotherapy is also administered to control the growth of the cancer.

Urethral Cancer is a rare type of cancer which occurs more frequently in females.

Lymphoma Cancer: Causes, Symptom and Diagnosis

Lymphoma Cancer is a general term for cancer that starts in the lymphatic system. About 54 percent of blood cancer diagnosed each year is various types of lymphoma.

Lymphoma Cancer occurs when a lymphocyte undergoes a malignant change and multiplies, eventually crowding out healthy cells and creating tumors. These tumors enlarge the lymph node and grow at other sites that are part of the immune system

There are two major types of lymphoma cancer 

  1. HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA
  2. NON- HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA (NHL)

NHL is the term for diverse group of blood cancer. It arises from an injury to the DNA of a lymphocyte. In some cases, NHL involves marrow and blood. Oncologist characterise NHL subtypes according to how rapidly or slowly the disease progresses. NHL in a patient grows rapidly, it is called aggressive lymphoma and if it grows slowly, It is called indolent lymphoma.

About 45,000 – 50,000 cases of NHL are diagnosed in India every year. About 85% are NHL that involves lymphocytes called B cells and 15% of cases of NHL involve lymphocytes called T cells.

Causes:-

Exposure to certain viruses and bacteria is associated with NHL. It is thought that infection with a virus or bacterium can lead to intense lymphoid cell proliferation, increasing the probability of a cancer-causing event in a cell.

Here are some examples: Epstein – Barr virus (ERV) infection- in patients from specific geographic regions- is strongly associated with African Burkitt Lymphoma, since African Burkitt Lymphoma also occur among people who have not infected with EBV.

Epstein-Barr Virus infection play a role in the increased risk of NHL in person whose immune system are suppressed as a result of organ transplant.

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus is associated with a type of T-cell Lymphoma in patients from certain geographic regions in South Japan, South America and Africa.

NHL is 50 to 100 times more prevalent among people with HIV/AIDS than among uninfected individuals. Newer therapies foe HIV infection have lowered  the incidence of AIDS related lymphoma .

Signs and Symptoms:-

An enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin – or less often, a swollen node near the ears, the elbow or in the throat near the tonsils – is sometimes an indication of lymphoma. There are 600 lymph nodes in the body. However if enlarged lymph nodes are detected during physical examination or during an imaging test. There is no obvious explanation such as a nearby infection, lymphoma could be the cause.

Patient may also have fever, excessive sweating and unexplained fatigue, loss of appetite or weight loss. During a medical examination, the doctor may detect an enlarged spleen. Sometimes, a person has no symptom and the disease may only be discovered during a routine medical examination or while the person is under care for unrelated condition.

Diagnosis:-

Making an accurate diagnosis of the specific type of NHL that a patient has can be difficult. Since the subtypes of NHL can be confused with one another and the prognosis, treatment goals and treatment approach may be different.

A biopsy of an involved lymph node or other tumor site is needed to confirm the NHL diagnosis and the subtype. Diagnosis of NHL made by examining a lymph node biopsy specimen; the examination includes tests called “immunophenotyping” and “cytogenetic analysis”.